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VAN GOGH

Vincent van Gogh

Early work (1881 - February 1888)
Arles (February 1888 - May 1889)
Saint-Rémy (May 1889- May 1890)
Auvers-sur-Oise (May - July 1890)

See also: Van Gogh's Letters: The Complete Correspondence

"Vincent van Gogh was born near Brabant, the son of a minister. In 1869, he got a position at the art dealers, Goupil and Co. in The Hague, through his uncle, and worked with them until he was dismissed from the London office in 1873. He worked as a schoolmaster in England (1876), before training for the ministry at Amsterdam University (1877). After he failed to get a post in the Church, he went to live as an independent missionary among the Borinage miners.

"He was largely self-taught as an artist, although he received help from his cousin, Mauve. His first works were heavily painted, mud-colored and clumsy attempts to represent the life of the poor (e.g. Potato-Eaters, 1885, Amsterdam), influenced by one of his artistic heroes, Millet. He moved to Paris in 1886, living with his devoted brother, Theo, who as a dealer introduced him to artists like Gauguin, Pissarro, Seurat and Toulouse-Lautrec. In Paris, he discovered color as well as the divisionist ideas which helped to create the distinctive dashed brushstrokes of his later work (e.g.Pere Tanguy, 1887, Paris). He moved to Arles, in the south of France, in 1888, hoping to establish an artists' colony there, and was immediately struck by the hot reds and yellows of the Mediterranean, which he increasingly used symbolically to represent his own moods (e.g. Sunflowers, 1888, London, National Gallery). He was joined briefly by Gauguin in October 1888, and managed in some works to combine his own ideas with the latter's Synthetism (e.g. The Sower, 1888, Amsterdam), but the visit was not a success. A final argument led to the infamous episode in which Van Gogh mutilated his ear. 
"In 1889, he became a voluntary patient at the St. Remy asylum, where he continued to paint, often making copies of artists he admired. His palette softened to mauves and pinks, but his brushwork was increasingly agitated, the dashes constructed into swirling, twisted shapes, often seen as symbolic of his mental state (e.g. Ravine, 1889, Otterlo). He moved to Auvers, to be closer to Theo in 1890 - his last 70 days spent in a hectic program of painting. He died, having sold only one work, following a botched suicide attempt. His life is detailed in a series of letters to his brother (published 1959)."

- From The Bulfinch Guide to Art History

 

BOOKS

Vincent Van Gogh
Myra Schapiro, Meyer Schapiro

This Harry Abrams-published book is an excellent and economical introduction. Meyer Schapiro was one of the greatest, most readable, art critics. The reproductions are not the greatest (this was published originally in 1983), but the writing more than makes up for any graphical deficiencies.

The Letters of Vincent Van Gogh
Vincent Van Gogh, Ronald De Leeuw (Editor), Arnold Pomerans (Translator)

The letters from Vincent to his beloved brother Theo are required reading for anyone who wants to understand the tortured artist. In them, van Gogh provides deep insights into his working process, providing details on his motifs and compositional decisions. These letters, with the sensitive commentary of De Leeuw, are almost an essential accompaniment to his paintings.

Vincent : A Complete Portrait : All of Vincent Van Gogh's Self-Portraits, With Excerpts from His Writings
Bernard Denvir

Excellent graphics and an even more attractive price make this compilation hard to resist. Van Gogh's most searching artistic analysis was of himself, as his famous self-portraits show...and this book includes them all.

Van Gogh in Saint Remy and Auvers/D2212P
R. Pickvance

This is the catalog to a 1986 show at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The reproductions are good quality, and the essays well chosen, written by the world's foremost experts on van Gogh. This exhibition covered the final phase of Vincent's tragically short career.

The New Complete Van Gogh: Paintings, Drawings, Sketches
Jan Hulsker

When he says COMPLETE, he means it...this is the real thing, with a price to match.

 VAN_GOGH_WHEATFLD

VAN GOGH, Vincent Wheat Field 1889 Oil on canvas 29 x 36 1/2 in. (73.5 x 92.5 cm) Narodni Galerie, Prague

 VAN_GOGH_WHEATCYP

VAN GOGH, Vincent Wheat Field with Cypresses 1889 Oil on canvas 20 1/4 x 25 5/8 in. (51.5 x 65 cm) Private collection

 VAN_GOGH_VINCENT_FELT_HAT

VAN GOGH, Vincent Self-Portrait with Felt Hat Winter 1887-88 Oil on canvas 44 x 37.5 cm Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh, Amsterdam

 VAN_GOGH_VILLGSTR

VAN GOGH, Vincent Village Street in Auvers 1890 Oil on canvas 28 3/4 x 36 1/4 in. (73 x 92 cm) Ateneumin Taidemuseo, Helsinki

 VAN_GOGH_vangogh_straw_hat

VAN GOGH, Vincent Self-Portrait with Straw Hat Summer 1887 Oil on cardboard 41 x 33 cm Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam

 VAN_GOGH_vangogh_shoes

VAN GOGH, Vincent Still Life of Shoes 1886 Oil on canvas 37.5 x 45.5 cm Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam

 VAN_GOGH_vangogh_postman

VAN GOGH, Vincent The Postman: Joseph Roulin July-August 1888 Oil on canvas 81.2 x 65.3 cm Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

 VAN_GOGH_vangogh_mousme

VAN GOGH, Vincent La Mousme July 1888 Oil on canvas 73.3 x 60.3 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington

 VAN_GOGH_vangogh_dark_felt_hat

VAN GOGH, Vincent Self-Portrait with Dark Felt Hat 1886 Oil on canvas 41.5 x 32.5 cm Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam

 VAN_GOGH_vangogh_berceuse_boston

VAN GOGH, Vincent La Berceuse (Augustine Roulin) January/March 1889 Oil on canvas 92.7 x 72.8 cm Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

 VAN_GOGH_vangogh_artist_detail

VAN GOGH, Vincent Self-Portrait as an Artist Detail 1887-88 Oil on canvas 65 x 50.5 cm Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam

 VAN_GOGH_vangogh_artist

VAN GOGH, Vincent Self-Portrait as an Artist 1887-88 Oil on canvas 65 x 50.5 cm Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam

 VAN_GOGH_TREE_IVY

VAN GOGH, Vincent Tree with Ivy in the Asylum Garden 1889 Pencil, chalk, reed pen, and brown ink on Ingres paper 24 x 18 1/4 in. (62 x 47 cm) Rijksmuseum Vincent Van Gogh, Amsterdam

 VAN_GOGH_TRABUC

VAN GOGH, Vincent Portrait of Trabuc 1889 Oil on canvas 24 x 18 1/4 in. (61 x 46 cm) Kunstmuseum Solothurn

 VAN_GOGH_SUNFLOWERS

VAN GOGH, Vincent Fifteen Sunflowers in a Vase 1888 Oil on canvas 93 x 73 cm National Gallery, London

 VAN_GOGH_SUNCLOUD

VAN GOGH, Vincent Wheat Field with Sun and Cloud 1889 Black chalk, reed pen and brown ink, heightened with white chalk, on Ingres paper 18 3/4 x 22 in. (47.5 x 56 cm) Rijksmuseum Kroller-Muller, Otterlo

 VAN_GOGH_STILIRIS

VAN GOGH, Vincent Irises 1890 Oil on canvas 36 1/4 x 29 in. (92 x 73.5 cm) Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh, Amsterdam

 VAN_GOGH_STARRY_NIGHT

VAN GOGH, Vincent The Starry Night 1889 Oil on canvas 29 x 36 1/4 in. The Museum of Modern Art, New York

 VAN_GOGH_STARRY

VAN GOGH, Vincent The Starry Night 1889 Oil on canvas 29 x 36 1/4 in. The Museum of Modern Art, New York

 VAN_GOGH_STAIRS

VAN GOGH, Vincent Village Street and Stairs with Figures 1890 Oil on canvas 20 x 28 in. (49.8 x 70.1 cm) The Saint Louis Art Museum, Missouri

 VAN_GOGH_SOWER

VAN GOGH, Vincent Sower with Setting Sun 1888 Oil on canvas 64 x 80.5 cm Rijksmuseum Krueller-Mueller, Otterlo

 VAN_GOGH_SELF_3

VAN GOGH, Vincent Self-Portrait Dedicated to Paul Gauguin 1888 Oil on canvas 23 3/4 x 19 1/2 in. (60.5 x 49.4 cm) Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

 VAN_GOGH_SELF_2

VAN GOGH, Vincent Self-Portrait 1889 Oil on canvas 25 1/2 x 21 1/4 in. (65 x 54 cm) Musee d'Orsay, Paris

 VAN_GOGH_SELF_1

VAN GOGH, Vincent Self-Portrait 1889 Oil on canvas 22 1/2 x 17 1/4 in. (57 x 43.5 cm) Collection Mrs. John Hay Whitney

 VAN_GOGH_ROULIN

VAN GOGH, Vincent Joseph-Etienne Roulin 1889 Oil on canvas 26 x 21 5/8 in. (66.2 x 55 cm) Barnes Foundation, Merion, PA

 VAN_GOGH_ROOTS_TRUNKS

VAN GOGH, Vincent Roots and Tree Trunks June-July 1890 Oil on canvas 50 x 100 cm F816 JH2113 Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh, Amsterdam

 VAN_GOGH_ROCKS

VAN GOGH, Vincent The Rocks 1888 Oil on canvas 21 5/8 x 25 7/8 in. (54.9 x 65.7 cm) Museum of Fine Arts, Houston

 VAN_GOGH_ROADMEND

VAN GOGH, Vincent The Road Menders 1889 Oil on canvas 28 x 36 5/8 in. (71 x 93 cm) The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.

 VAN_GOGH_RAVINE

VAN GOGH, Vincent The Ravine 1889 Oil on canvas 73 x 92 cm Rijksmuseum Kroeller-Mueller, Otterlo

 VAN_GOGH_POTATO_EATERS

VAN GOGH, Vincent The Potato Eaters 1885 Oil on canvas 82 x 114 cm Vincent van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam

 VAN_GOGH_POPPIES

VAN GOGH, Vincent Field with Poppies 1889 Oil on canvas 28 x 35 3/4 in. (71 x 91 cm) Kunsthalle Bremen

 VAN_GOGH_poplar_trees

VAN GOGH, Vincent Lane with Poplar Trees Early 1884 Pencil and ink on wove paper 54 x 39 cm Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh, Amsterdam

 VAN_GOGH_POETS_GARDEN

VAN GOGH, Vincent The Poet's Garden October 1888 Oil on canvas 73 x 92 cm Private collection F 479 JH1601

 VAN_GOGH_PERE_TANGUY

VAN GOGH, Vincent Portrait of Pere Tanguy 1887-88 Oil on canvas 92 x 75 cm Musee Rodin, Paris

 VAN_GOGH_OLIVESUN

VAN GOGH, Vincent Olive Trees with Yellow Sky and Sun 1889 Oil on canvas 29 x 36 1/2 in. (73.7 x 92.7 cm) The Minneapolis Institute of Arts

 VAN_GOGH_OLD_VINE

VAN GOGH, Vincent Old Vineyard with Peasant Woman 1890 Pencil, brush, watercolor, and gouache 17 1/4 x 21 1/4 in. (43.5 x 54 cm) Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh, Amsterdam

 VAN_GOGH_OLD_MILL

VAN GOGH, Vincent The Old Mill 1888 Oil on canvas 25 1/2 x 21 1/4 in. (64.5 x 54 cm) Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY

 VAN_GOGH_NIGHT_CAFE

VAN GOGH, Vincent The Night Cafe 1888 Oil on canvas 70 x 89 cm Yale University Art Gallery

 VAN_GOGH_MOUNTAIN

VAN GOGH, Vincent Mountains at Saint-Remy 1889 Oil on canvas 28 1/4 x 35 3/4 in. (71.8 x 90.8 cm) Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

 VAN_GOGH_L_EGLISE

VAN GOGH, Vincent L'eglise d'Auvers-sur-Oise (The Church at Auvers-sur-Oise) 1890 Oil on canvas 37 x 29 1/8 in. (94 x 74 cm) Musee d'Orsay, Paris

 VAN_GOGH_IRISES

VAN GOGH, Vincent Irises 1889 Oil on canvas 28 x 36 3/4 in. (71 x 93 cm) Getty Museum, Malibu, California

 VAN_GOGH_HARVEST

VAN GOGH, Vincent The Harvest 1888, June Oil on canvas 73 x 92 cm Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh, Amsterdam

 VAN_GOGH_GRNFIELD

VAN GOGH, Vincent Green Wheat Field 1889 Oil on canvas 28 3/4 x 36 1/4 in. (73 x 92 cm) Loan at Kunsthaus Zurich

 VAN_GOGH_GOGH

Not Found

 VAN_GOGH_GACHET

VAN GOGH, Vincent Portrait of Dr. Gachet 1890 Oil on canvas 26 3/8 x 22 in. (67 x 56 cm) Private collection, U.S.A.

 VAN_GOGH_ENTRANCE

VAN GOGH, Vincent Entrance to the Public Garden in Arles 1888 Oil on canvas 72.5 x 91 cm (28 1/2 x 35 3/4 in.) The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.

 VAN_GOGH_EAR

VAN GOGH, Vincent Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear 1889 Oil on canvas 60 x 49 cm Courtauld Institute Galleries, London

 VAN_GOGH_CYPRESS

VAN GOGH, Vincent Cypresses 1889 Oil on canvas 36 3/4 x 29 1/8 in. (93.3 x 74 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

 VAN_GOGH_CYP_STAR

VAN GOGH, Vincent Road with Cypress and Star 1890 Oil on canvas 36 1/4 x 28 3/4 in. (92 x 73 cm) Rijksmuseum Kroller-Muller, Otterlo

 VAN_GOGH_CROWS

VAN GOGH, Vincent Wheat Field Under Threatening Skies 1890 Oil on canvas 50.5 x 100.5 cm Vincent van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam

 VAN_GOGH_CORRIDOR

VAN GOGH, Vincent Corridor in the Asylum 1889 Black chalk and gouache on pink Ingres paper 24 3/8 x 18 1/2 in. (61.5 x 47 cm) The Museum of Modern Art, New York

 VAN_GOGH_CAFE_TERRACE_DETAIL

VAN GOGH, Vincent Cafe Terrace on the Place du Forum DETAIL OF left foreground September 1888 Oil on canvas 81 x 65.5 cm Rijksmuseum Kroller-Mueller, Otterlo

 VAN_GOGH_CAFE_TERRACE

VAN GOGH, Vincent Cafe Terrace on the Place du Forum September 1888 Oil on canvas 81 x 65.5 cm Rijksmuseum Kroller-Mueller, Otterlo

 VAN_GOGH_BEDROOM

VAN GOGH, Vincent La chambre de Van Gogh a Arles (Van Gogh's Room at Arles) 1889 Oil on canvas 57 x 74 cm (22 1/2 x 29 1/3 in) Musee d'Orsay, Paris

 VAN_GOGH_ASY_GARD

VAN GOGH, Vincent Trees in the Asylum Garden 1889 Oil on canvas 28 3/4 x 23 3/4 in. (73 x 60 cm) Private collection, U.S.A.

 VAN_GOGH_ALPILLES

VAN GOGH, Vincent Olive Trees with the Alpilles in the Background 1889 Oil on canvas 28 1/2 x 36 1/4 in. (72.5 x 92 cm) Collection Mrs. John Hay Whitney

 VAN_GOGH_ALMOND_BLOSSOM

VAN GOGH, Vincent Branches with Almond Blossom February 1890 Oil on canvas 73.5 x 92 cm F671 JH1891 Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh, Amsterdam

 VAN_GOGH_1STSTEPS

VAN GOGH, Vincent First Steps (after Millet) 1890 Oil on canvas 28 1/2 x 35 7/8 in. (72.4 x 91.2 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York