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MONDRIAN

(Piet Mondrian, 1872-1944)

" 'Everything was spotless white, like a laboratory. In a light smock, with his clean-shaven face, taciturn, wearing his heavy glasses, Mondrian seemed more a scientist or priest than an artist. The only relief to all the white were large matboards, rectangles in yellow, red and blue, hung in asymmetric arrangements on all the walls. Peering at me through his glasses, he noticed my glance and said: "I've arranged these to make it more cheerful."'

"Thus Charmion von Wiegand on Mondrian's New York studio. In his Paris studio he had used flowers to make it more cheerful. One tulip in a vase, an artificial one, its leaves painted white.

"As Mondrian was probably incapable of irony, the tulip was unlikely to be a wry joke about his having had to produce flowerpieces between 1922 and 1925 when he no longer wanted to because there were no buyers for his abstracts. It could, of course, have been a revenge for the agony a compromise of that sort must have cost him. More likely, it was simply a part of the general revulsion against green and growth which made him, when seated at a table beside a window through which trees were visible to him, persuade someone to change places.

"The artificial tulip fitted in, of course, with the legend of the studio as laboratory or cell, the artist as scientist or anchorite. Mondrian felt it mattered that an artist should present himself in a manner appropriate to his artistic aims. A photograph of him taken in 1908 shows a bearded floppy-haired Victorian man of sensibility. A photograph of 1911 shows a twentieth-century technologist, cleanshaven with centre parting and brilliantined hair; the spectacles were an inevitable accessory. Soft and hairy becomes hard and smooth; one of the great landscape-painters of his generation, one of the great flower-painters of his generation, comes to find trees monstrous, green fields intolerable.

"The loneliness of the artificial tulip with its painted leaves might seem to suggest that flora were admitted grudgingly, one plant being the next best thing to none. But it probably meant the opposite of that - was probably a sign, not of Mondrian's having become a different person, but of his having remained the same. When Mondrian had painted flowers, he almost invariably painted one chrysanthemum, one amaryllis, one tiger lily. His most personal paintings of trees are paintings of one tree; of architecture, are paintings of a lighthouse or a single windmill or an isolated church - a solitary tower, often with its entrances as if blocked, like a fortress, refusing disruption of its monolithic intactness, its immaculate otherness, its self-sufficient singularity.

"Likewise the early romantic landscapes are rarely at all panoramic: they usually take in something like a couple of cows and a tree, three or four trees in a row, a group of farmhouses. And the tendency to concentrate attention inwards persists into the paintings and drawings of the sea Of 1914-15: half of them are of a Pier and Ocean. The ocean is not oceanic, consuming, illimitable: it radiates from a vertical motif representing a man-made projection - like the towers jutting into the sky. Only the composition is no longer centripetal. The pluses and minuses of the sea don't converge upon the pier: they do radiate outwards, are then checked by the containing oval within the rectangle of the page or canvas. These works are, of course, among the key transitional pieces between figuration and non-figuration in Mondrian. In the tensions they exhibit between centripetal and centrifugal, they are also representative of his transition from centripetal to centrifugal design. In Mondrian figuration is equated with the centripetal, nonfiguration with the centrifugal. (It is interesting that an artist so exceptionally given to symmetry in his early days should so rigorously exclude it in his maturity.)

"Focusing inwards is rejected by Mondrian when the object is rejected. Focusing inwards is involvement. Involvement with objects entails suffering. In the paintings of chrysanthemums - that most centripetal of flowers - there is a sense of concentration that is agonising. It is as if the artist were trying to hypnotise himself by gazing into this flower and as if he were trying to hypnotise the flower into suspending its process of growth, the process that will make the petals fall away, the flowers wilt and die (as it is seen to do in two of the paintings in the series). The rapt quality of the image seems to embody a longing to deny time, the flower is held together with a sort of desperation. In the series of images of trees that followed, the forces of growth can no longer be held in. Growth is seen as an irresistible force moving through the tree - a river of life, spreading, demanding space into which it can expand. Pictures such asThe Red Tree reflect not simply a tree seen now, but the way it has evolved, has lived, has been formed, is still in formation, will wither and die. In pictures such as The Blue Tree the urgency of the need to grow is such that it is as if the whole growth were telescoped into one explosive moment like a shellburst. Coursing with life, the trees are twisted images of torment and despair.

"Intense involvement with living things is involvement with death. If you follow nature, wrote Mondrian in 1920, you have to accept 'whatever is capricious and twisted in nature'. If the capricious is beautiful, it is also tragic: 'If you follow nature you will not be able to vanquish the tragic to any real degree in your art. It is certainly true that naturalistic painting makes us feel a harmony which is beyond the tragic, but it does not express this in a clear and definite way, since it is not confined to expressing relations of equilibrium. Let us recognise the fact once and for all: the natural appearance, natural form, natural colour, natural rhythm, natural relations most often express the tragic . . . We must free ourselves from our attachment to the external, for only then do we transcend the tragic, and are enabled consciously to contemplate the repose which is within all things.'

"Mondrian could find a repose to contemplate in natural things so long as he could see them with their energy held in check, as with the chrysanthemums. The object was tolerated so long as it seemed to contain its energy. Looking at the trees, he recognised the forces flowing out of them - so that the tendency towards the centrifugal first appears among these images - felt the need to release those forces from objects and objectify them in another way. Attachment had to be transferred from natural objects to things not subject to death. To an artificial tulip, which would be everlasting. To lines which were not lines tracing the growth in space of a tree but were lines not matched in nature, lines proper to art, lines echoing the bounding lines of the canvas itself.

"The lines which had followed the lines of the boughs and branches and twigs of the trees gave way in 1912 to lines derived from the scaffolding in space of Analytical Cubism. Geometric abstraction by and large has its origin in the flat shapes of Synthetic Cubism, a mode completely foreign to Mondrian. One imagines, in the first place, that he must have disapproved of the fact that Picasso and Braque, having evolved with exquisite logic for four years from the Estaque and Horta landscapes to the shattered luminosity of the hermetic period, suddenly took a capricious sideways leap into the arbitrary improvisations of papier collé. It is known that he disapproved of the fact that, having attained a sublime level of abstraction from nature, they used papier collé to let reality - in all its banality and all its subjection to time - in through the back door - a recourse to nostalgia and materialism. It is evident that he could accept no form of assemblage as a solution. The assembled shapes of Synthetic Cubism ultimately derived from the flat separate shapes ofGauguin. Mondrian's allegiance belonged to Impressionism and Seurat, to their concern with translating a sensation into a mesh of brushmarks. Mondrian's neo-Impressionist brushmarks of 1908-10 were elongated into the short lines of the seascapes and façades of 1914-15 which in turn were elongated into lines extending from side to side of the canvas and seemingly beyond.

"A painting by Malevich or Van Doesburg or Kupka is an assemblage of shapes. A Mondrian does not consist of blue rectangles and red rectangles and yellow rectangles and white rectangles. It is conceived - as is abundantly clear from the unfinished canvases - in terms of lines - lines that can move with the force of a thunderclap or the delicacy of a cat.

"Mondrian wanted the infinite, and shape is finite. A straight line is infinitely extendable, and the open-ended space between two parallel straight lines is infinitely extendable. A Mondrian abstract is the most compact imaginable pictorial harmony, the most self-sufficient of painted surfaces (besides being as intimate as a Dutch interior). At the same time it stretches far beyond its borders so that it seems a fragment of a larger cosmos or so that, getting a kind of feedback from the space which it rules beyond its boundaries, it acquires a second, illusory, scale by which the distances between points on the canvas seem measurable in miles.

" 'The positive and the negative are the causes of all action ... The positive and the negative break up oneness, they are the cause of all unhappiness. The union of the positive and the negative is happiness.' The palpable oneness of the solitary flower or tower, being subject to time and change, had to give way to the subliminal oneness of a vivid equilibrium."

- From David Sylvester, "About Modern Art: Critical Essays, 1948-1997"

 MONDRIAN_YELLOW_PATCH

Mondrian, Piet Composition with Yellow Patch 1930 Oil on canvas 46 x 46.5 cm Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dusseldorf

 MONDRIAN_VERTICAL_WITH_BLUE

Mondrian, Piet Vertical Composition with Blue and White 1936 Oil on canvas 121.3 x 59 cm Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dusseldorf

 MONDRIAN_RYB

Mondrian, Piet Composition with Yellow, Blue and Red 1937-42 Oil on canvas 72.5 x 69 cm (28 1/2 x 27 1/8 in.) Tate Gallery, London

 MONDRIAN_RHYTHM_OF_BLACK_LINES

Mondrian, Piet Rhythm of Black Lines c. 1935/42 Oil on canvas 72.2 x 69.5 cm Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dusseldorf

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_yellow

Mondrian, Piet Composition with Yellow 1930 Oil on canvas 46 x 46.5 cm (18 1/8 x 18 1/4 in) Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Duesseldorf

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_w_r_y

Mondrian, Piet Composition blanc, rouge et jaune 1936 Oil on canvas 80 x 62.2 cm (31 1/2 x 24 1/2 in) Los Angeles County Museum of Art

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_red_tree

Mondrian, Piet Avond (Evening); Red Tree 1908 Oil on canvas 70 x 99 cm (27 1/2 x 39 in) Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_ocean5

Mondrian, Piet Ocean 5 1915 Charcoal and gouache on paper 87.6 x 120.3 cm (34 1/2 x 47 3/8 in) Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_nyc

Mondrian, Piet New York City 1941-42 Oil on canvas 119 x 114 cm (46 7/8 x 44 7/8 in) Musee national d'art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_mill_sunlight

Mondrian, Piet Molen (Mill); Mill in Sunlight 1908 Oil on canvas 114 x 87 cm (44 7/8 x 30 1/4 in) Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_lozenge

Mondrian, Piet Lozenge Composition with Yellow, Black, Blue, Red, and Gray 1921 Oil on canvas 60.1 x 60.1 cm (23 5/8 x 23 5/8 in) Vertical axis 84.5 cm (33 1/4 in) The Art Institute of Chicago

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_line_and_color

Mondrian, Piet Composition No. II; Composition in Line and Color 1913 Oil on canvas 88 x 115 cm (34 5/8 x 45 1/4 in) Kroeller-Mueller Museum, Otterlo

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_gray_tree

Mondrian, Piet Gray Tree 1911 Oil on canvas 78.5 x 107.5 cm (30 7/8 x 42 3/8 in) Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_gray_lines

Mondrian, Piet Composition with Color Planes and Gray Lines 1 1918 Oil on canvas 49 x 60.5 cm (19 1/4 x 23 7/8 in) Private collection

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_fox_trot

Mondrian, Piet Fox Trot; Lozenge Composition with Three Black Lines 1929 Oil on canvas 78.2 x 78.2 cm (30 3/4 x 30 3/4 in) Vertical axis 110 cm (43 1/4 in) Yale University Art Gallery

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_composition_a

Mondrian, Piet Composition A: Composition with Black, Red, Gray, Yellow, and Blue 1920 Oil on canvas 91.5 x 92 cm (36 x 36 1/4 in) Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Rome

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_composition8

Mondrian, Piet Composition No. 8 1939-42 Oil on canvas 75 x 68 cm (29 1/2 x 26 3/4 in) Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_bykr

Mondrian, Piet Composition with Blue, Yellow, Black, and Red 1922 Oil on canvas 53 x 54 cm (20 7/8 x 21 1/4 in) Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_blue_plane

Mondrian, Piet Composition with Large Blue Plane, Red, Black, Yellow, and Gray 1921 Oil on canvas 60.5 x 50 cm (23 3/4 x 19 5/8 in) Dallas Museum of Art

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_blanc_rouge_jaune

Mondrian, Piet Amaryllis 1910 Watercolor on paper 39 x 49 cm (15 3/8 x 19 3/8 in) Private collection

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_amaryllis

Mondrian, Piet Amaryllis 1910 Watercolor on paper 39 x 49 cm (15 3/8 x 19 3/8 in) Private collection

 MONDRIAN_LT_BROWN

Mondrian, Piet Composition with Gray and Light Brown 1918 Oil on canvas 31 9/16 x 19 5/8 in. (80.2 x 49.9 cm) Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas

 MONDRIAN_LOZENGE

Mondrian, Piet Lozenge Composition with Red, Black, Blue, and Yellow 1925 Oil on canvas 77 x 77 cm (30 3/8 x 30 3/8 in.) vertical axis 108 cm (42 1/2 in.) Private collection

 MONDRIAN_COMP_III

Mondrian, Piet Composition No. III Blanc-Jaune 1935-1942 Oil on canvas 39 3/4 x 20 1/8 in. (101 x 51 cm) Christie's, New York

 MONDRIAN_COMP_10

Mondrian, Piet Composition No. 10 1939-1942 Oil on canvas 31 1/2 x 28 3/4 in. (80 x 73 cm) Private collection

 MONDRIAN_BROADWAY

Mondrian, Piet Broadway Boogie Woogie 1942-1943 Oil on canvas 50 x 50 in. (127 x 127 cm) The Museum of Modern Art, New York

 
 MONDRIAN_YELLOW_PATCH

Mondrian, Piet Composition with Yellow Patch 1930 Oil on canvas 46 x 46.5 cm Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dusseldorf

 MONDRIAN_VERTICAL_WITH_BLUE

Mondrian, Piet Vertical Composition with Blue and White 1936 Oil on canvas 121.3 x 59 cm Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dusseldorf

 MONDRIAN_RYB

Mondrian, Piet Composition with Yellow, Blue and Red 1937-42 Oil on canvas 72.5 x 69 cm (28 1/2 x 27 1/8 in.) Tate Gallery, London

 MONDRIAN_RHYTHM_OF_BLACK_LINES

Mondrian, Piet Rhythm of Black Lines c. 1935/42 Oil on canvas 72.2 x 69.5 cm Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dusseldorf

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_yellow

Mondrian, Piet Composition with Yellow 1930 Oil on canvas 46 x 46.5 cm (18 1/8 x 18 1/4 in) Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Duesseldorf

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_w_r_y

Mondrian, Piet Composition blanc, rouge et jaune 1936 Oil on canvas 80 x 62.2 cm (31 1/2 x 24 1/2 in) Los Angeles County Museum of Art

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_red_tree

Mondrian, Piet Avond (Evening); Red Tree 1908 Oil on canvas 70 x 99 cm (27 1/2 x 39 in) Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_ocean5

Mondrian, Piet Ocean 5 1915 Charcoal and gouache on paper 87.6 x 120.3 cm (34 1/2 x 47 3/8 in) Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_nyc

Mondrian, Piet New York City 1941-42 Oil on canvas 119 x 114 cm (46 7/8 x 44 7/8 in) Musee national d'art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_mill_sunlight

Mondrian, Piet Molen (Mill); Mill in Sunlight 1908 Oil on canvas 114 x 87 cm (44 7/8 x 30 1/4 in) Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_lozenge

Mondrian, Piet Lozenge Composition with Yellow, Black, Blue, Red, and Gray 1921 Oil on canvas 60.1 x 60.1 cm (23 5/8 x 23 5/8 in) Vertical axis 84.5 cm (33 1/4 in) The Art Institute of Chicago

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_line_and_color

Mondrian, Piet Composition No. II; Composition in Line and Color 1913 Oil on canvas 88 x 115 cm (34 5/8 x 45 1/4 in) Kroeller-Mueller Museum, Otterlo

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_gray_tree

Mondrian, Piet Gray Tree 1911 Oil on canvas 78.5 x 107.5 cm (30 7/8 x 42 3/8 in) Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_gray_lines

Mondrian, Piet Composition with Color Planes and Gray Lines 1 1918 Oil on canvas 49 x 60.5 cm (19 1/4 x 23 7/8 in) Private collection

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_fox_trot

Mondrian, Piet Fox Trot; Lozenge Composition with Three Black Lines 1929 Oil on canvas 78.2 x 78.2 cm (30 3/4 x 30 3/4 in) Vertical axis 110 cm (43 1/4 in) Yale University Art Gallery

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_composition_a

Mondrian, Piet Composition A: Composition with Black, Red, Gray, Yellow, and Blue 1920 Oil on canvas 91.5 x 92 cm (36 x 36 1/4 in) Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Rome

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_composition8

Mondrian, Piet Composition No. 8 1939-42 Oil on canvas 75 x 68 cm (29 1/2 x 26 3/4 in) Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_bykr

Mondrian, Piet Composition with Blue, Yellow, Black, and Red 1922 Oil on canvas 53 x 54 cm (20 7/8 x 21 1/4 in) Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_blue_plane

Mondrian, Piet Composition with Large Blue Plane, Red, Black, Yellow, and Gray 1921 Oil on canvas 60.5 x 50 cm (23 3/4 x 19 5/8 in) Dallas Museum of Art

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_blanc_rouge_jaune

Mondrian, Piet Amaryllis 1910 Watercolor on paper 39 x 49 cm (15 3/8 x 19 3/8 in) Private collection

 MONDRIAN_mondrian_amaryllis

Mondrian, Piet Amaryllis 1910 Watercolor on paper 39 x 49 cm (15 3/8 x 19 3/8 in) Private collection

 MONDRIAN_LT_BROWN

Mondrian, Piet Composition with Gray and Light Brown 1918 Oil on canvas 31 9/16 x 19 5/8 in. (80.2 x 49.9 cm) Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas

 MONDRIAN_LOZENGE

Mondrian, Piet Lozenge Composition with Red, Black, Blue, and Yellow 1925 Oil on canvas 77 x 77 cm (30 3/8 x 30 3/8 in.) vertical axis 108 cm (42 1/2 in.) Private collection

 MONDRIAN_COMP_III

Mondrian, Piet Composition No. III Blanc-Jaune 1935-1942 Oil on canvas 39 3/4 x 20 1/8 in. (101 x 51 cm) Christie's, New York

 MONDRIAN_COMP_10

Mondrian, Piet Composition No. 10 1939-1942 Oil on canvas 31 1/2 x 28 3/4 in. (80 x 73 cm) Private collection

 MONDRIAN_BROADWAY

Mondrian, Piet Broadway Boogie Woogie 1942-1943 Oil on canvas 50 x 50 in. (127 x 127 cm) The Museum of Modern Art, New York

mondrian_On_the_Lappenbrink

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. On the Lappenbrink./ Op de Lappenbrink. c.1899. Gouache. 108 x 86 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Windmill_in_Sunlight_/_Molen_bij_zonlicht

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Windmill in Sunlight / Molen bij zonlicht. 1908. Oil on canvas. 114 x 87 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Night_Landscape_/_Landschap_bij_nacht

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Night Landscape / Landschap bij nacht. c.1907/08. Oil on canvas. 35 x 50.2 cm. Private collection.

mondrian_Summer_Night_/_Somernacht

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Summer Night / Somernacht. 1906/07. Oil on canvas. 71 x 110.5 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Trees_by_the_Gein_at_Moonrise

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Trees by the Gein at Moonrise. / Bomen aan het Gein bij opkomende maan. 1907/08. Oil on canvas. 79 x 92.5 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Woods_near_Oele

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Woods near Oele. / Bos bij Oele. 1908. Oil on canvas. 128 x 158 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Chrysanthemum

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Chrysanthemum. / Chrysant. c.1908. Watercolor. 33.9 x 23.9. Sidney Janis Collection, New York, NY, USA.

mondrian_Chrysanthemum_/_Chrysant

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Chrysanthemum / Chrysant. 1908/10. Charcoal on paper. 36.4 x 24.8 cm. Private collection.

mondrian_Red_Dahlia

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Red Dahlia. /Rode Dahlia. 1907. Watercolor. 30.5 x 23 cm. The Morgan Library and Museum, New York, NY, USA.

mondrian_Passionflower_/_Possiebloem

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Passionflower / Possiebloem. 1908. Watercolor and ink on paper. 72.5 x 47.5 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Amaryllis

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Amaryllis. 1910. Watercolor over pen. 49.2 x 31.5 cm. Private collection.

mondrian_Girl_Writing

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Girl Writing. / Schrijvend meisje. c.1892-95. Black chalk on paper. 57 x 44.5 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Dune_Landscape

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Dune Landscape./ Duinlandschap. 1910/11.Oil on canvas. 141 x 239. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Dune_IV

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Dune IV. / Duin IV. 1909/10. Oil on card. 33 x 46 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Church_near_Domburg_

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Church near Domburg ./ Kerk te Domburg. 1910/11. Oil on canvas. 114 x 75 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_The_Red_Mill

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. The Red Mill. / De rode molen. Oil on canvas. 150 x 86 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Evolution_/_Evolutie

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Evolution / Evolutie. 1910/11. Oil on canvas. 178 x 85 cm, 183 x 87.5 cm, 178 x 85 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Study_of_a_Figure_/_Figuurstudie

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Study of a Figure / Figuurstudie. 1911. Oil on canvas. 115 x 88 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Self-Portrait_/_Zelfportret

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Self-Portrait / Zelfportret. 1912/13. Charcoal on paper. 28 x 23 cm. Sidney Janis Collection, New York, NY, USA

mondrian_Landscape_with_Trees

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Landscape with Trees. / Landschap met bomen. 1911/12. Oil on canvas. 120 x 100 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Apple_Tree_in_Flower

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Apple Tree in Flower. / Bloeiende appelboom. Oil on canvas. 78 x 106 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_The_Grey_Tree

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. The Grey Tree. / De grijze boom. 1912. Oil on canvas. 78.5 x 107.5 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Landscape_with_Ditch

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Landscape with Ditch. / Landschap met sloot. c. 1895. Watercolor. 49 x 66 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Trees_in_Blossom

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Trees in Blossom. / Bloeiende bomen. 1912. Oil on canvas.65 x 75 cm. The Judith Rothschild Foundation, New York, NY, USA.

mondrian_Composition_Trees_II

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition Trees II./ Compositie bomen II. 1912. Oil on canvas. 98 x 65 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Still_Life_with_Ginger_Jar_I

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Still Life with Ginger Jar I. / Stilleven met gemberpot I. 1911/12. Oil on canvas. 65.5 x 75 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Still_Life_with_Ginger_Jar_II

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Still Life with Ginger Jar II. / Stilleven met gemberpot II. 1911/12. Oil on canvas. 91.5 x 120 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Tableau_III

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Tableau III. Oil on canvas. 140 x 101 cm. Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

mondrian_Oval_Composition

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Oval Composition. / Ovale compositie. 1913/14. Charcoal on paper. 152.5 x 100 cm. Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy

mondrian_Church_at_Damburg

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Church at Damburg. / Kerk te Domburg. c. 1914. Ink on paper. 63 x 50 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Composition_No

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition No.6. / Compositie nr.6. 1914. Oil on canvas. 88 x 61 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Composition_No

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition No.9, Blue Façade / Compositie nr.9 Blue Façade. 1913/14. Oil on canvas. 95.2 x 67.6 cm. Foundation Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland.

mondrian_Composition_No

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition No.10 (Pier and Ocean) / Compositie nr.10 (Pier en oceaan). Oil on canvas. 85 x 108 cm. Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo, the Netherlands.

mondrian_Pieter_Panis_on_the_Gallows_in_Mechelen

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Pieter Panis on the Gallows in Mechelen. / Pieter Panis te Mechelen aan de galg. 1896/97. Illustration from D.P.Rossouw, Mede-erfgenamen van Christus, Amsterdam

mondrian_Self-Portrait

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Self-Portrait. / Zelfportret. 1918. Oil on canvas. 88 x 71 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Composition_/_Compositie

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition / Compositie. 1916. Oil on canvas. 119 x 75.1 cm. The Solomon R. Guggebheim Museum, New York, NY, USA.

mondrian_Composition_in_Color_A_/_Compositie_in_kleur_A

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition in Color A / Compositie in kleur A. 1917. Oil on canvas. 50 x 44 cm. Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo, the Netherlands.

mondrian_Composition_with_Color_Planes_No

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition with Color Planes No.3 ./ Compositie met kleurvlakjes nr.3. 1917. Oil on canvas. 48 x 61 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Composition_Chequerboard,_Dark_Colors

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition Chequerboard, Dark Colors. / Compositie Dambord, donkere Kleuren. 1919. Oil on canvas. 84 x 102 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Composition:_Light_Color_Planes_with_Grey_Contours

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition: Light Color Planes with Grey Contours. 1919. Oil on canvas. 49 x 49 cm. Kunstmuseum Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

mondrian_Lozenge_with_Grey_Lines_/_Losangique_met_grijze_lijnen

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Lozenge with Grey Lines / Losangique met grijze lijnen. 1918. Oil on canvas, diagonal 121 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Composition:_Light_Color_Planes_with_Grey_Lines

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition: Light Color Planes with Grey Lines. 1919. Oil on canvas. Diagonal 67 cm. Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo, the Netherlands.

mondrian_Composition_with_Red,_Blue_and_Yellowish-Green_/_Compositie_met_rood,_blauw_en_geel-groen

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition with Red, Blue and Yellowish-Green / Compositie met rood, blauw en geel-groen. 1920. Oil on canvas. 67 x 57 cm. Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Germany.

mondrian_White_Rose_in_a_Glass

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. White Rose in a Glass. / Witte roos in glas. 1921. Watercolor. 27.5 x 21.5 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_View_of_Winterswijk

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. View of Winterswijk. / Gesicht op Winterswijk. 1898/99. Watercolor. 52 x 63.5 cm. Private collection.

mondrian_Composition_/_Compositie

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition / Compositie. 1921. Oil on canvas. 49.5 x 41.5 cm. Kunstmuseum Basel, Emanuel Hoffman Bequest, Basel, Switzerland.

mondrian_Tableau_I

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Tableau I. 1921. Oil on canvas. 96.5 x 60.5 cm. Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany.

mondrian_Lily_/_Lelie

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Lily / Lelie. After 1921. Watercolor and colored pencil on paper. 25 x 19.5 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Composition_with_Red,_Yellow,_Blue_and_Black_/_Compositie_met_rood,_geel,_blaw_en_swart

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition with Red, Yellow, Blue and Black / Compositie met rood, geel, blaw en swart. 1921. Oil on canvas. 59.5 x 59.5 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Composition_with_Two_Lines_/_Compositie_met_twee_lijnen

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition with Two Lines / Compositie met twee lijnen. 1931. Oilon canvas, diagonal 114 cm. Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

mondrian_Composition_II_with_Black_Lines

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition II with Black Lines. / Compositie nr.2 met swarte lijnen. 1930. Oil on canvas. 50 x 51 cm. Stedelijk Van Abbe Museum, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.

mondrian_Composition_with_Yellow_Lines_/_Compositie_met_gele_lijnen

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition with Yellow Lines / Compositie met gele lijnen. 1933. Oil on canvas, diagonal 133. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Composition_with_Red_and_Blue

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition with Red and Blue. / Compositie met rood en blauw. 1936. Oil on canvas.98.5 x 80.3 cm. Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart, Germany.

mondrian_Vertical_Composition_with_Blue_and_White

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Vertical Composition with Blue and White. 1936. Oil on canvas. 121 x 59 cm. Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf, Germany.

mondrian_Composition_III_with_Blue,_Yellow_and_White

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition III with Blue, Yellow and White. / Compositie met blauw, geel en wit. Oil on canvas. 43.5 x 33.5 cm. Kunstmuseum Basel, Emanuel Hoffman Bequest, Basel, Switzerland.

mondrian_At_Work/On_the_Land

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. At Work/On the Land. Aan den arbeid/Op't land. 1898. Gouache. 54.4 x 78.7 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Self-Portrait

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Self-Portrait. / Zelfportret. 1942. Pencil and ink on paper. 29.8 x 22.8 cm. Private collection.

mondrian_Conposition_with_White,_Red_and_Yellow

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Conposition with White, Red and Yellow. / Compositie met wit, rood en geel. 1938-42. Oil on canvas. 79.5 x 62 cm. Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Mr and Mrs William Preston Harrison Collection., Los Angeles, CA, USA.

mondrian_Composition_with_Blue_/_Compositie_met_blauw

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition with Blue / Compositie met blauw. 1937. Oil on canvas. 80 x 77 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Composition_with_Red_/_Compositie_met_rood

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition with Red / Compositie met rood. 1936. Oil on canvas. 50.7 x 50.4 cm. The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

mondrian_Composition_with_Red_and_Black_/_Compositie_met_rood_en_zwart

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition with Red and Black / Compositie met rood en zwart. 1936. Oil on canvas. 102 x 104 cm. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY, USA.

mondrian_Composition_with_Red_and_Grey_/_Compositie_met_rood_en_grijs

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition with Red and Grey / Compositie met rood en grijs. 1935. Oil on canvas. 57.5 x 55.6 cm. The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

mondrian_Composition_/_Compositie

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition / Compositie. 1939. Oil on canvas. 105.2 x 102.3 cm. Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy.

mondrian_Composition_with_Red,_Yellow_and_Blue_/_Compositie_met_rood,_geel_en_blauw

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue / Compositie met rood, geel en blauw. Oil on canvas. 72 x 69 cm. Tate Gallery, London, UK.

mondrian_Composition_with_Black,_White,_Yellow_and_Red_/_Compositie_met_zwart,wit,geel_en_rood

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition with Black, White, Yellow and Red / Compositie met zwart,wit,geel en rood. 1939-42. Oil on canvas. 79.3 x 73.5 cm. The Phillips Collection, Washington, DC, USA.

mondrian_New_York,_New_York

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. New York, New York. 1941/42. Oil on canvas. 94 x 92 cm. Private collection.

mondrian_Woods_/_Boslandschap

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Woods / Boslandschap. 1898/1900. Gouache. 45.5 x 57 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_New_York_City_I

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. New York City I. 1942. Oil on canvas. 119.3 x 114.2 cm. Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France.

mondrian_New_York_City_II

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. New York City II. 1942-44. Oil and paper on canvas. 119 x 115 cm. Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf, Germany.

mondrian_Broadway_Boogie-Woogie

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Broadway Boogie-Woogie. 1942/43. Oil on canvas. 127 x 127 cm. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY, USA.

mondrian_Victory_Boogie-Woogie

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Victory Boogie-Woogie. 1943/44 (unfinished). Oil and paper on canvas, diagonal 177.5 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_The_Red_Tree

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. The Red Tree. c.1909. Oil on canvas. 27 3/8" x 39". Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.

mondrian_Composition _with_Blue,_Red_and_Yellow_/_Compositie_met_blauw,rood_en_geel

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition with Blue, Red and Yellow / Compositie met blauw,rood en geel..1930. Oil on canvas. 28 1/2" x 21 1/4". Sidney Janis Collection, New York, NY, USA.

mondrian_Composition_2

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition 2./ Compositie 2. 1922. Oil on canvas. 55.5 x 53.5 cm. The Solomon R. Guggebheim Museum, New York, NY, USA.

mondrian_Composition_with_Red,_Yellow_and_Blue

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue. / Compositie met rood,geel en blauw. 1928. Oil on canvas. 42.2 x 45 cm. Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Germany.

mondrian_Self-Portrai_/_Zelfportret

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Self-Portrai / Zelfportret. c.1900. Oil on canvas, mounted on stone. 50.4 x 39.7 cm. The Phillips Collection, Washington, DC, USA.

mondrian_Portrait_of_a_Girl_with_Flowers_/_Meisjesportret_met_bloemen

Mondrian

Mondrian

Piet Mondrian. Portrait of a Girl with Flowers / Meisjesportret met bloemen. Oil on canvas. 53 x 44 cm. Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, Netherlands.