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MANET

(Edouard Manet, 1832-1883)

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(The following biography was written by Lisa MacDonald especially for the Artchive.)

Edouard Manet was born into the ranks of the Parisian bourgeoisie on January 29, 1832. His Mother, Eugenie-Desiree Fournier, was a woman of refinement and god daughter of Charles Bernadotte, the Crown Prince of Sweden. Edouard's father, Auguste Manet, was a magistrate and judge who hoped that Edouard would someday follow in his footsteps, but Edouard was destined to follow another path.

Although well educated, Manet did not particularly excel within the academic environment but he showed a propensity toward drawing and the arts. His Uncle Charles Fournier encouraged Manet's appreciation for the arts and often took him and his childhood friend, Antonin Proust, on outings to the Louvre. In 1850 after serving in the merchant marines, Manet entered the studio of Thomas Couture where he studied until 1856. He was influenced by the old masters, particulary Velazquez andGoya, but Manet reasoned that ones art should reflect ideas and ideals of the present rather then the past. So disagreeing with Diderot's theory that great art only reflected the costume of the past, Manet sought instead to follow the advice of Baudelaire...to depict a contemporary realism, to be "le peintre de la vie moderne."
It's worthwhile to note that it was during this time that Paris launched its massive revitalization and modernization of the city under the supervision of Baron Haussmann. Up until 1852, the city had retained its medieval infrastructure which was now becoming most inadequate due to the growing urban population. Haussmann's revitalization efforts not only affected the physical environment of Paris but the cultural and social atmosphere as well. Thousands of jobs were created as streets were widened and lengthened, store fronts redesigned, buildings torn down and redeveloped all in an effort to make Paris the most beautiful and culturally progressive city in the world. It was this modernity with which Manet chose to concern himself.
Manet began his career with The Absinthe Drinker (1858), a painting depicting a debauched and solitary man amongst the shadows of the back streets of Paris. Paintings like the Absinthe Drinker, and the Old Musician (1862), portray a darker aspect of Parisian life which was quite removed from Manet's circle, but nonetheless very real. La Musique aux Tuileries (1862) peopled with Manet's friends and family celebrates fashionable society. His loose handling of paint and lack of subject separated this painting from the highly finished canvasses approved of by the academy, and accepted by the Salon. In addition, the painting's ambience anticipates the "snapshot" quality taken up so well by Degas, and developed further by the Impressionists. 
Spanish Guitar Player, also painted in 1862, reflected the Parisian love of "all things Spanish" and was one of Manet's first works to be accepted by the Salon. It now hangs on the walls of the Metropolitan Museum in New York City. Manet put great emphasis on Salon acceptance. In fact, he believed that success as an artist could only be obtained through recognition at the Salon. Ironically, however, it was notSpanish Guitar Player which brought him his much sought after recognition but the rejected Dejeuner sur l'herbe (1863). The Salon jury of 1863 had been exceptionally brutal and thousands of paintings had been refused. To counter these refusals, the Salon des Refuses was established and it was here that Dejeuner sur l'herbe (also known as theLuncheon on the Grass) was exhibited. Although influenced by Raphaeland GiorgioneDejeuner did not bring Manet laurels and accolades. It brought criticism. Critics found Dejuener to be anti-academic and politically suspect and the ensuing fire storm surrounding this painting has made Le Dejeuner sur l'herbe a benchmark in academic discussions of modern art. The nude in Manet's painting was no nymph, or mythological being...she was a modern Parisian women cast into a contemporary setting with two clothed man. Many found this to be quite vulgar and begged the question "Who's for lunch?" The critics also had much to say about Manet's technical abilities. His harsh frontal lighting and elimination of mid tones rocked ideas of traditional academic training. And yet, it is also important to understand that not everyone criticized Manet, for it was also Dejeuner which set the stage for the advent of Impressionism.
Olympia, also painted in 1863, caused a similar uproar and the controversy surrounding these two paintings truly dismayed Manet. It was not at all his intention to create a scandal. Manet was not a radical artist, such as Courbet; nor was he a bohemian, as the critics had thought. Recently married to Suzanne Leenhoff, the well mannered and well bred Manet was an immaculately groomed member of high society. As Henri Fantin-Latour's Portrait of Manet suggests - this man was the quintessential Parisian flaneur. But Manet's unique technical innovations intrigued the likes of Pierre Renoir and Claude Monet and set free the traditional and conservative reigns of academic painting.
Political events between the years 1867-1871 were turbulent ones for Paris, and the Franco-Prussian war left Paris besieged and defeated. Manet turned his eye to these events in his works entitled Execution of MaximilianCivil War and The Barricade. In 1870, Manet sent his family south to protect them from the fighting in Paris and signed on as a gunner in the National Guard. There is much primary documentation in the form of letters to family and friends which expresses Manet's horror and dismay at the war and these paintings stand as testaments to Manet's sentiments. The Execution of Maximilian (1868) reaches out to Goya's Third of May but despite its masterly influence the painting was banned from being exhibited in Paris due to the "Frenchness" of the executioners costume. And yet along with his expressions of political disillusionment, Manet also continued producing works such as The Balcony (1868), Portrait of Emile Zola (1868), and The Railroad(1872).
By 1874 Manet's reputation as experimental artist and leader of the Impressionists was firmly established. The Cafe Guerbois, near Manet's studio became the gathering spot for Monet, Renoir, Sisley, Degas andPissaro and although Manet presided over the regular meeting and debates held at the cafe, he was not enthusiastic about his role as leader of the avant-garde. In 1874, when the Impressionists held their first exhibition at Nadar's studio, Manet refused to participate. He chose instead to remain focused on the Salon. He never exhibited in any of the eight Impressionist exhibitions and yet by no means did Manet abandon the Impressionists. He worked closely with Monet in Argenteuil during 1874 and often gave financial support to his friends who needed it. It was during this time that Manet came closest to painting in the Impressionist style. Painting en plein air Argenteuil and Monet's Boat Studio both approach the notions of reflected light and atmosphere of Impressionism but Manet never becomes assimilated into the true Impressionist style.
In his last great masterpiece, Bar at the Folies-Bergère (1882), Manet returns again to studio painting, a somber palette and eliminated mid tones. The cafe concert is a theme which Manet had been treating in the late 70's in paintings such as Corner in a Cafe Concert and The Cafe. But here at Bar at the Folies-Bergere, we are no longer spectators, but participants in the painting. While the Barmaid occupies the center of the piece, the painting is filled with a menagerie of characters from seated couples to trapeze artists. Glittering chandeliers and electric lights fill the upper portion of the work. Here, as in Dejeuner sur l'herbe, optical contradictions abound.

Throughout his oeuvre Manet painted modern day life, yet many of his paintings are so much more than simple mimetic depictions. If Manet's work seems to be full of contradictions, or to employ a lack of perspective from time to time, then perhaps that was the true reality of Paris in Manet's time. Always controversial, Manet sought to record the days of his life using his own unique vision. From beggars, to prostitutes, to the bourgeoisie he sought to be true to himself and to reproduce "not great art, but sincere art." He died, in Paris, on April 30, 1883.

 MANET_ZOLA

MANET, Edouard Portrait d'Emile Zola 1868 Oil on canvas 57 1/2 x 44 7/8 in. (146 x 114 cm) Musee d'Orsay, Paris

 MANET_WOMAN_WITH_PARROT

Manet, Edouard Woman with Parrot 1866 Oil on canvas 185.1 x 128.6 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

 MANET_TUILERIES_DETAIL

Manet, Edouard Music in the Tuileries DETAIL of Mme Lejosne 1862 Oil on canvas 76 x 118 cm National Gallery, London

 MANET_TUILERIES

Manet, Edouard Music in the Tuileries 1862 Oil on canvas 76 x 118 cm National Gallery, London

 MANET_SERVEUSE

Manet, Edouard Le serveuse de bocks (The Waitress) 1879 Oil on canvas 30 1/2 x 25 1/2 in. (77.5 x 65 cm) Musee d'Orsay, Paris

 MANET_RAILROAD

MANET, Edouard The Railroad 1872-73 Oil on canvas 36 1/2 x 45 in. (93 x 114 cm) National Gallery of Art, Washington

 MANET_OLYMPIA

MANET, Edouard Olympia 1863 Oil on canvas 51 3/8 x 74 3/4 in. (130.5 x 190 cm) Musee d'Orsay, Paris

 MANET_MAXIMILIAN

Manet, Edouard Execution of the Emperor Maximilian 1867 Oil on canvas 252 x 305 cm Kunsthalle, Mannheim

 MANET_MANETBAR

Not Found

 MANET_MANET_WOMAN

Manet, Edouard The Railway DETAIL of woman 1872-73 93.3 x 111.5 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington

 MANET_MANET_STILL_LIFE

Manet, Edouard Le Dejeuner sur L'Herbe DETAIL of Still Life 1863 Oil on canvas 214 x 269 cm (84 1/4 x 106 1/4") Musee d'Orsay, Paris

 MANET_MANET_REFLECTIONS

Manet, Edouard A Bar at the Folies-Bergeres DETAIL of reflections 1881-82 Oil on canvas 37 3/4 x 51 1/4 in. (96 x 130 cm) Courtauld Institute Galleries, London

 MANET_MANET_RAILWAY

Manet, Edouard The Railway 1872-73 93.3 x 111.5 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington

 MANET_MANET_PUPPY

Manet, Edouard The Railway DETAIL of puppy 1872-73 93.3 x 111.5 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington

 MANET_MANET_OLYMPIA

Manet, Edouard Olympia 1863 Oil on canvas 51 3/8 x 74 3/4 in. (130.5 x 190 cm) Musee d'Orsay, Paris

 MANET_MANET_MEURENT

Manet, Edouard Le Dejeuner sur L'Herbe DETAIL of Victorine Meurent 1863 Oil on canvas 214 x 269 cm (84 1/4 x 106 1/4") Musee d'Orsay, Paris

 MANET_MANET_LILAC_IN_A_VASE

Manet, Edouard Lilacs in a Vase c. 1882 Oil on canvas 21 1/16 x 16 3/8 in. (54 x 42 cm) Nationalgalerie, Berlin

 MANET_MANET_HAND

Manet, Edouard Olympia DETAIL of hand 1863 Oil on canvas 51 3/8 x 74 3/4 in. (130.5 x 190 cm) Musee d'Orsay, Paris

 MANET_MANET_EMILE_ZOLA

Manet, Edouard Portrait d'Emile Zola 1868 Oil on canvas 57 1/2 x 44 7/8 in. (146 x 114 cm) Musee d'Orsay, Paris

 MANET_MANET_DEJEUNER

Manet, Edouard Le Dejeuner sur L'Herbe 1863 Oil on canvas 214 x 269 cm (84 1/4 x 106 1/4") Musee d'Orsay, Paris

 MANET_MANET_BOSTON

MANET, Edouard The Execution of Emperor Maximilian 1867 Oil on canvas 77 1/4 x 102 1/4 in. (196 x 259.8 cm) Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

 MANET_MANET_BATTLE

Manet, Edouard Battle of the Kearsarge and the Alabama 1864 Oil on canvas 54 5/8 x 51 1/8 in. (138.7 x 129.9 cm) Philadelphia Museum of Art

 MANET_MANET_BARMAID

Manet, Edouard A Bar at the Folies-Bergeres DETAIL of barmaid 1881-82 Oil on canvas 37 3/4 x 51 1/4 in. (96 x 130 cm) Courtauld Institute Galleries, London

 MANET_MANET_BAR

Manet, Edouard A Bar at the Folies-Bergeres 1881-82 Oil on canvas 37 3/4 x 51 1/4 in. (96 x 130 cm) Courtauld Institute Galleries, London

 MANET_LUNCHEON

Manet, Edouard Le Dejeuner sur L'Herbe 1863 Oil on canvas 214 x 269 cm (84 1/4 x 106 1/4") Musee d'Orsay, Paris

 MANET_LONGCHAMP

Manet, Edouard Races at Longchamp c. 1867 Oil on canvas 17 1/4 x 33 1/4 in. (43.9 x 84.5 cm) The Art Institute of Chicago

 MANET_LEMON

Manet, Edouard The Lemon 1880 Oil on canvas 14 x 22 cm Musee d'Orsay, Paris

 MANET_FIFER

Manet, Edouard The Fifer 1866 Oil on canvas 63 x 38 1/2 in. (161 x 97 cm) Musee d'Orsay, Paris

 MANET_BALCONY

Manet, Edouard The Balcony 1868-69 Oil on canvas 170 x 124 cm Musee d'Orsay, Paris

manet_The_Absinthe_Drinker

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Absinthe Drinker. 1858-1859. Oil on canvas. Ny Carlsberg-Glyptotek, Copenhagen, Denmark.

manet_Women_at_the_Races

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Women at the Races. 1864-1865. Oil on canvas. Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, USA.

manet_House_at_Rueil

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. House at Rueil. 1882. Oil on canvas. Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Germany

manet_Portrait_of_Antonin_Proust

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Portrait of Antonin Proust. Study. c. 1877. Oil on canvas. The Pushkin Museum of Fine Art, Moscow, Russia

manet_The_Angels_at_Christ's_Tomb

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Angels at Christ's Tomb. (Les Anges au tombeau du Christ, Le Christ mort aux anges). 1864. Oil on canvas. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, US

manet_Surprised_Nymph

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Surprised Nymph. (Nymphe surprise). 1861. Oil on canvas. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires, Argentina

manet_Guitar_and_Hat

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Guitar and Hat. 1862. Oil on canvas. Musée Calvet, Avignon, France.

manet_La_Brioche

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. La Brioche. 1870. Oil on canvas. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA.

manet_The_Spanish_Ballet

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Spanish Ballet. 1862. Oil on canvas. The Phillips Collection, Washington, DC, USA.

manet_The_Universal_Exhibition

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Universal Exhibition. (L'Exposition universelle de 1867). 1867. Oil on canvas. Nasjonalgalleriet, Oslo, Norway.

manet_Jeune_fille_au_col_cassé,_de_face

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Jeune fille au col cassé, de face. c. 1879-80. Pastel on canvas. Collection of Otto Krebs, Holzdorf. Now in the Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia.

manet_Portrait_of_Mlle_Isabelle_Lemonnier

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Portrait of Mlle Isabelle Lemonnier. c. 1879-80. Oil on canvas. Collection of Otto Krebs, Holzdorf. Now in the Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia.

manet_Bull-Fighting_Scene

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Bull-Fighting Scene. 1865-1866. Oil on canvas. Private collection

manet_The_Fifer

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Fifer. 1866. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France.

manet_The_Execution_of_the_Emperor_Maximilian_of_Mexico

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Execution of the Emperor Maximilian of Mexico. 1867-1868. Oil on canvas. Staatliche Kunsthalle, Mannheim, Germany.

manet_Soldier_(fragment_of_

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Soldier (fragment of "The Execution of Maximilian"). 1867-1868. Oil on canvas. National Gallery, London, UK

manet_Portrait_of_Emile_Zola

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Portrait of Emile Zola. 1867-1868. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

manet_Portrait_of_Théodore_Duret

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Portrait of Théodore Duret. 1868. Oil on canvas. Musée du Petit Palais, Paris, France

manet_The_Balcony

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Balcony. 1868. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

manet_The_Battle_of_the_Kearsarge_and_the_Alabama

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Battle of the Kearsarge and the Alabama. 1864. Oil on canvas. The John G. Johnson Art Collection, Philadelphia, PA, USA

manet_Luncheon_in_the_Studio

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Luncheon in the Studio. 1868. Oil on canvas. Neue Pinakothek, Munich, Germany

manet_The_Street_Singer

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Street Singer. c.1862. Oil on canvas. The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA.

manet_Beach_at_Boulogne-sur-Mer

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Beach at Boulogne-sur-Mer. 1869. Oil on canvas. The collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Melon, Upperville, Virginia, USA.

manet_The_Reading

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Reading. 1869. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

manet_Repose_(Berthe_Morisot)

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Repose (Berthe Morisot). 1869-1870. Oil on canvas. Rhode Island School of Design, Museum of Art, Providence, Rhode Island, USA

manet_The_Harbour_at_Bordeaux

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Harbour at Bordeaux. 1871. Oil on canvas. Foundation E.G. Bührle collection, Zurich, Switzerland

manet_Nude

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Nude. c.1872. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France.

manet_Berthe_Morisot

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Berthe Morisot. 1872. Oil on canvas. Private collection.

manet_Racecourse_in_the_Bois_de_Boulogne

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Racecourse in the Bois de Boulogne. 1872. Oil on canvas. Private collection.

manet_Marguerite_de_Conflans_Wearing_a_Hood

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Marguerite de Conflans Wearing a Hood. c.1873. Oil on canvas. Oscar Reinhart Collection, Winterthur, Switzerland.

manet_The_Railway

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Railway. 1873. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA

manet_Claude_Monet_Painting_on_His_Studio_Boat

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Claude Monet Painting on His Studio Boat. 1874. Oil on canvas. Neue Pinakothek, Munich, Germany

manet_The_Old_Musician

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Old Musician. c.1862. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA

manet_Argenteuil

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Argenteuil. 1874. Oil on canvas. Musée des Beaux-Arts de Tournai, Tournai, Belgium.

manet_Boating

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Boating. 1874. Oil on canvas. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA

manet_The_Grand_Canal,_Venice

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Grand Canal, Venice. 1874. Oil on canvas. Property of the Provident Securities Company, San Francisco, CA, USA

manet_Portrait_of_Stéphane_Mallarmé

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Portrait of Stéphane Mallarmé. 1876. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

manet_Nana

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Nana. 1877. Oil on canvas. Hamburger Kunshalle, Hamburg, Germany

manet_The_Road-Menders,_Rue_de_Berne

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Road-Menders, Rue de Berne. 1878. Oil on canvas. Private collection.

manet_Blonde_with_Bare_Breasts

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Blonde with Bare Breasts. c.1878. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

manet_Singer_at_a_Café-Concert

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Singer at a Café-Concert. c.1878-1879. Oil on canvas. Rouart collection, Paris, France.

manet_The_Waitress

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Waitress. c.1879. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

manet_The_Conservatory

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Conservatory. 1878-1879. Oil on canvas. Gemaldegalerie, Berlin, Germany

manet_Lola_de_Valence

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Lola de Valence. 1862. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

manet_At_Père_Lathuille's

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. At Père Lathuille's. 1879. Oil on canvas. Musée des Beaux-Arts de Tournai, Tournai, Belgium

manet_Interior_of_a_Café

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Interior of a Café. c.1880. Oil on canvas. Glasgow Museums and Art Galleries, Glasgow, UK.

manet_The_Ham

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Ham. c.1880. Oil on canvas. Glasgow Museums and Art Galleries, Glasgow, UK.

manet_Portrait_of_Henri_Rochefort

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Portrait of Henri Rochefort. 1881. Oil on canvas. Hamburger Kunshalle, Hamburg, Germany

manet_Clematis_in_a_Crystal_Vase

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Clematis in a Crystal Vase. c.1881. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

manet_Autumn_(Méry_Laurent)

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Autumn (Méry Laurent). 1881. Oil on canvas. Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nancy, France

manet_A_Bar_at_the_Folies-Bergère

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. A Bar at the Folies-Bergère. 1882. Oil on canvas. Courtauld Institute Galleries, London, UK

manet_Villa_at_Rueil

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Villa at Rueil. 1882. Oil on canvas. National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia

manet_Roses_and_Tulips_in_a_Vase

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Roses and Tulips in a Vase. c.1882. Oil on canvas. Foundation E.G. Bührle collection, Zurich, Switzerland.

manet_Portrait_of_M

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Portrait of M. and Mme. Auguste Manet. 1860. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

manet_Music_in_the_Tuileries_Gardens

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Music in the Tuileries Gardens. 1862. Oil on canvas. National Gallery, London, UK

manet_Angélina

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Manet

Edouard Manet. Angélina. 1865. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France.

manet_Mme

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Mme. Manet at the Piano. 1868. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

manet_Peony_Stem_and_Shears

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Peony Stem and Shears. 1864. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France.

manet_Branch_of_White_Peonies_and_Shears

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Branch of White Peonies and Shears. 1864. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France.

manet_Still_Life:_Fruit_on_a_Table

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Still Life: Fruit on a Table. 1864. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France.

manet_Moonlight_over_the_Port_of_Boulogne

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Moonlight over the Port of Boulogne. 1869. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France.

manet_The_Asparagus

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Asparagus. 1880. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France.

manet_The_Lemon

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Lemon. 1880. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France.

manet_Woman_with_Fans_(Nina_de_Callias)

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Woman with Fans (Nina de Callias). 1873. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France.

manet_Portrait_of_Mme

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Portrait of Mme. Manet on a Blue Sofa. c. 1874. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

manet_The_Picnic_(

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Picnic ("Le Déjeuner sur l'Herbe"). 1862-1863. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

manet_Berthe_Morisot_with_a_Fan

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Berthe Morisot with a Fan. 1872. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

manet_Georges_Clémenceau

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Georges Clémenceau. 1879-1880. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

manet_The_Escape_of_Rocherfort

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Escape of Rocherfort. 1880-1881. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France.

manet_At_the_Beach

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. At the Beach. 1873. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

manet_The_Execution_of_Emperor_Maximilian_(four_fragments)

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Execution of Emperor Maximilian (four fragments). 1867. Oil on canvas. National Gallery, London, UK

manet_The_Depature_of_the_Folkestone_Boat

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Depature of the Folkestone Boat. 1869. Oil on canvas. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

manet_The_Masked_Ball_at_the_Opera

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Masked Ball at the Opera. c.1873-1874. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA

manet_The_Monet_Family_in_the_Garden

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Monet Family in the Garden. 1874. Oil on canvas. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA

manet_Plum_Brandy

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Plum Brandy. c.1877-1878. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.

manet_Olympia

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Olympia. 1863. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France.

manet_Bock_Drinkers

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Bock Drinkers. 1878. Oil on canvas. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, MD, USA.

manet_Man_in_a_Round_Hat_(Alphonse_Maureau)

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Man in a Round Hat (Alphonse Maureau). 1878. Pastel on paper. Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA

manet_Two_Women_Drinking_Bocks

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Two Women Drinking Bocks. 1878. Pastel on paper. Burrell Collection, Glasgow, UK.

manet_At_the_Café

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. At the Café. 1878. Oil on canvas. Oscar Reinhart Collection, Winterthur, Switzerland.

manet_The_Waitress

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Waitress. 1879. Oil on canvas. National Gallery, London, UK.

manet_Bundle_of_Asparagus

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Bundle of Asparagus. 1880. Oil on canvas. Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne, Germany.

manet_Girl_in_the_Garden_at_Bellevue

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Girl in the Garden at Bellevue. 1880. Oil on canvas. Foundation E.G. Bührle collection, Zurich, Switzerland.

manet_Manet's_Mother_in_the_Garden_at_Bellevue

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Manet's Mother in the Garden at Bellevue. 1880. Oil on canvas. Private collection.

manet_The_Viennese:_Portrait_of_Irma_Brunner_in_a_Black_Hat

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Viennese: Portrait of Irma Brunner in a Black Hat. 1880. Pastel on paper. Louvre, Paris, France

manet_In_the_Bar_(Le_Bouchon)

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. In the Bar (Le Bouchon). 1878-1879. Oil on canvas. The Pushkin Museum of Fine Art, Moscow, Russia.

manet_Still_Life_with_Eel_and_Red_Muller

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Still Life with Eel and Red Muller. 1864. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France.

manet_The_Dead_Toreador

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Dead Toreador. 1864. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.

manet_The_Tragic_Actor_(Rouvière_as_Hamlet)

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Tragic Actor (Rouvière as Hamlet). 1865-1866. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.

manet_A_King_Charles_Spaniel

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. A King Charles Spaniel. c.1866. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.

manet_Still_Life_with_Melon_and_Peaches

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Still Life with Melon and Peaches. c.1866. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA

manet_At_the_Races

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. At the Races. c.1875. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.

manet_Oysters

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Oysters. 1862. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.

manet_Portrait_of_a_Lady

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Portrait of a Lady. c.1879. Oil on panel. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA

manet_Flowers_in_a_Crystal_Vase

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Flowers in a Crystal Vase. c.1882. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.

manet_Madame_Michel-Levy

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Madame Michel-Levy. 1882. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.

manet_Peonies_in_a_Vase

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Peonies in a Vase. c.1864. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

manet_The_Barricade_(Civil_War)

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Barricade (Civil War). 1871. Ink, wash and watercolor on paper. Szepmuveseti Muzeum, Budapest, Hungary.

manet_Mlle_Victorine_Meurent_in_the_Costume_of_an_Espada

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Mlle Victorine Meurent in the Costume of an Espada. 1862. Oil on canvas. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA

manet_Portrait_of_Victorine_Meurent

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Portrait of Victorine Meurent. 1862. Oil on canvas. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, USA

manet_Woman_with_a_Parrot

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Woman with a Parrot. 1866. Oil on canvas. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA.

manet_The_Banks_of_the_Seine_at_Argenteuil

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. The Banks of the Seine at Argenteuil. 1874. Oil on canvas. Private collection.

manet_Portrait_of_Gilbert-Marcellin_Desboutin

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Portrait of Gilbert-Marcellin Desboutin. 1875. Oil on canvas. Museum of Art Sao Paolo, Brazil

manet_Portrait_of_George_Moore

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Portrait of George Moore. 1879. Pastel on paper. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA

manet_Self-Portrait_with_a_Palette

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Self-Portrait with a Palette. 1879. Oil on canvas. Private collection.

manet_Lilac_in_a_Glass

Manet

Manet

Edouard Manet. Lilac in a Glass. c. 1882. Oil on canvas. Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Germany