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COLE

Thomas Cole
(1801-1848)

"Thomas Cole, born in Lancashire, England, was trained as an engraver of woodblocks used for printing calico. Because he did not have any formal education in art, his aesthetic ideas derived from poetry and literature, influences that were strongly to mark his paintings. The Cole family emigrated to America in 1818, but Thomas spent a year alone in Philadelphia before going on to Steubenville, Ohio, where his family had settled. He spent several years in Steubenville designing patterns and probably also engraving woodblocks for his father's wallpaper manufactory. He made his first attempts at landscape painting after learning the essentials of oil painting from a nebulous itinerant portraitist named Stein. In 1823, Cole followed his family to Pittsburgh and began to make detailed and systematic studies of that city's highly picturesque scenery, establishing a procedure of painstakingly detailed drawing that was to become the foundation of his landscape painting.

"During another stay in Philadelphia, from 1823 to 1824, Cole determined to become a painter and closely studied the landscapes of Thomas Doughty and Thomas Birch exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy, His technique improved greatly and his thinking on the special qualities of American scenery began to crystallize. Cole next moved to New York, where the series of works he produced following a sketching trip up the Hudson River in the summer of 1825 brought him to the attention of the city's most important artists and patrons. From then on, his future as a landscape painter was assured. By 1829, when he decided to go to Europe to study firsthand the great works of the past, he had become one of the founding members of the National Academy of Design and was generally recognized as America's leading landscape painter.

"In Europe, Cole's visits to the great galleries of London and Paris and, more important, his stay in Italy from 1831 to 1832, filled his imagination with high-minded themes and ideas. A true Romantic spirit, he sought to express in his painting the elevated moral tone and concern with lofty themes previously the province of history painting. When he returned to America, he found an enlightened patron in the New York merchant Luman Reed, who commissioned from him The Course of Empire(1836), a five-canvas extravaganza depicting the progress of a society from the savage state to an apogee of luxury and, finally, to dissolution and extinction. Most New York patrons, however, preferred recognizable American views, which Cole, his technique further improved by his European experience, was able to paint with increased authority. Although he frequently complained that he would prefer not to have to paint those so-called realistic views, Cole's best efforts in the landscape genre reveal the same high-principled, intellectual content that informs his religious and allegorical works. A second trip to Europe, in 1841-42, resulted in even greater advances in the mastery of his art: his use of color showed greater virtuosity and his representation of atmosphere, especially the sky, became almost palpably luminous.

"Cole's remarkable oeuvre, in addition to naturalistic American and European views, consisted of Gothic fantasies (The Departure and The Return, 1837), religious allegories (Tbe Voyage of Life, 1840), and classicized pastorals (The Dream of Arcadia, 1838). He consistently recorded his thoughts in a formidable body of writing: detailed journals, many poems, and an influential essay on American scenery. Further, he encouraged and fostered the careers of Asher B. Durand and Frederic E. Church, two artists who would most ably continue the painting tradition he had established. Though Cole's unexpected death after a short illness sent a shock through the New York art world, the many achievements that were his legacy provided a firm ground for the continued growth of the school of American landscape."

- From "American Paradise: The World of the Hudson River School"

 cole_cole_youth

Cole, Thomas The Voyage of Life: Youth 1842 Oil on canvas 52 7/8 x 76 1/4 in (134 x 194 cm) Munson-Williams Proctor Institute, Utica, New York

 cole_cole_schroon

Cole, Thomas Schroon Mountain, Adirondacks 1838 Oil on canvas 39 3/8 x 63 in (100 x 160 cm) The Cleveland Museum of Art

 cole_cole_savage

Cole, Thomas The Course of Empire: The Savage State 1836 Oil on canvas 39 1/4 x 63 1/4 in (100 x 160 cm) New York Historical Society

 cole_cole_return

Cole, Thomas The Return 1837 Oil on canvas 39 3/4 x 63 in (101 x 160 cm) The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington

 cole_cole_oxbow

Cole, Thomas View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm (The Oxbow) 1836 Oil on canvas 51 1/2 x 76 in (130.8 x 193 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

 cole_cole_old_age

Cole, Thomas The Voyage of Life: Old Age 1842 Oil on canvas 52 1/2 x 77 1/4 in (133 x 196 cm) Munson-Williams Proctor Institute, Utica, New York

 cole_cole_kaaterskill

Cole, Thomas Falls of Kaaterskill 1826 Oil on canvas 43 x 36 in (109.2 x 91.4 cm) Warner Collection, Tuscaloosa, Alabama

 cole_cole_genesee

Cole, Thomas Genesee Scenery 1847 Oil on canvas 51 x 39 in (129.5 x 99.1 cm) Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design

 cole_cole_desolation

Cole, Thomas The Course of Empire: Desolation 1836 Oil on canvas 39 1/4 x 63 1/4 in (100 x 160 cm) New York Historical Society

 cole_cole_departure

Cole, Thomas The Departure 1837 Oil on canvas 39 1/2 x 63 in (100.3 x 160 cm) The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington

 cole_cole_clove

Cole, Thomas The Clove, Catskills c. 1827 Oil on canvas 25 x 36 in (63.5 x 91.4 cm) The New Britain Museum of American Art, Connecticut

 cole_cole_childhood

Cole, Thomas The Voyage of Life: Childhood 1842 Oil on canvas 52 7/8 x 77 7/8 in (133 x 198 cm) Munson-Williams Proctor Institute, Utica, New York

 cole_cole_autumn

Cole, Thomas View on the Catskill - Early Autumn 1837 Oil on canvas 39 x 63 in (99 x 160 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

 cole_cole_aetna

Cole, Thomas Mount Aetna from Taormina 1844 Oil on canvas 32 1/4 x 48 in (81.9 x 121.9 cm) Lyman Allen Museum, New London, Connecticut

"

Cole, Thomas The Voyage of Life: Youth 1842 Oil on canvas 52 7/8 x 76 1/4 in (134 x 194 cm) Munson-Williams Proctor Institute, Utica, New York

" "

Cole, Thomas Schroon Mountain, Adirondacks 1838 Oil on canvas 39 3/8 x 63 in (100 x 160 cm) The Cleveland Museum of Art

" "

Cole, Thomas The Course of Empire: The Savage State 1836 Oil on canvas 39 1/4 x 63 1/4 in (100 x 160 cm) New York Historical Society

" "

Cole, Thomas The Return 1837 Oil on canvas 39 3/4 x 63 in (101 x 160 cm) The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington

" "

Cole, Thomas View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm (The Oxbow) 1836 Oil on canvas 51 1/2 x 76 in (130.8 x 193 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

" "

Cole, Thomas The Voyage of Life: Old Age 1842 Oil on canvas 52 1/2 x 77 1/4 in (133 x 196 cm) Munson-Williams Proctor Institute, Utica, New York

" "

Cole, Thomas Falls of Kaaterskill 1826 Oil on canvas 43 x 36 in (109.2 x 91.4 cm) Warner Collection, Tuscaloosa, Alabama

" "

Cole, Thomas Genesee Scenery 1847 Oil on canvas 51 x 39 in (129.5 x 99.1 cm) Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design

" "

Cole, Thomas The Course of Empire: Desolation 1836 Oil on canvas 39 1/4 x 63 1/4 in (100 x 160 cm) New York Historical Society

" "

Cole, Thomas The Departure 1837 Oil on canvas 39 1/2 x 63 in (100.3 x 160 cm) The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington

" "

Cole, Thomas The Clove, Catskills c. 1827 Oil on canvas 25 x 36 in (63.5 x 91.4 cm) The New Britain Museum of American Art, Connecticut

" "

Cole, Thomas The Voyage of Life: Childhood 1842 Oil on canvas 52 7/8 x 77 7/8 in (133 x 198 cm) Munson-Williams Proctor Institute, Utica, New York

" "

Cole, Thomas View on the Catskill - Early Autumn 1837 Oil on canvas 39 x 63 in (99 x 160 cm) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

" "

Cole, Thomas Mount Aetna from Taormina 1844 Oil on canvas 32 1/4 x 48 in (81.9 x 121.9 cm) Lyman Allen Museum, New London, Connecticut

"

cole_Roman_Compagna

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Roman Compagna. Detail. 1843. Oil on canvas. 32 1/2 x 48". Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT, USA.

cole_Mount_Etna_from_Taormina

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Mount Etna from Taormina. 1843. Oil on canvas. 78 5/8 x 120 5/8". Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT, USA.

cole_The_Pic-Nic

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Pic-Nic. 1846. Oil on canvas. 44 7/8" x 71 7/8". The Brooklyn Museum, New York, NY, USA.

cole_The_Pic-Nic

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Pic-Nic. Detail. 1846. Oil on canvas. 44 7/8" x 71 7/8". The Brooklyn Museum, New York, NY, USA.

cole_The_Pic-Nic

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Pic-Nic. Detail. 1846. Oil on canvas. 44 7/8" x 71 7/8". The Brooklyn Museum, New York, NY, USA.

cole_L'Allegro

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. L'Allegro. 1845. Oil on canvas. 21 1/16 x 48". Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

cole_L'Allegro

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. L'Allegro. Detail. 1845. Oil on canvas. 21 1/16 x 48". Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

cole_Il_Penseroso

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Il Penseroso. 1845. Oil on canvas. 32 1/4 x 48". Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

cole_Il_Penseroso

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Il Penseroso. Detail. 1845. Oil on canvas. 32 1/4 x 48". Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

cole_The_Old_Mill_at_Sunset

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Old Mill at Sunset. 1845. Oil on canvas. 26 1/8 x 36". Private collection.

cole_The_Old_Mill_at_Sunset

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Old Mill at Sunset. Detail. 1845. Oil on canvas. 26 1/8 x 36". Private collection.

cole_View_Across_Frenchman's_Bay_from_Mount_Desert_Island,_After_Squall

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. View Across Frenchman's Bay from Mount Desert Island, After Squall. 1845. Oil on canvas. 38 1/2 x 62". Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

cole_The_Hunter's_Return

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Hunter's Return. 1845. Oil on canvas. 40 1/8" x 60 1/2". Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, TX, USA.

cole_The_Hunter's_Return

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Hunter's Return. Detail. 1845. Oil on canvas. 40 1/8" x 60 1/2". Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, TX, USA.

cole_Home_in_the_Woods

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Home in the Woods. 1847. Oil on canvas, 44 x 66". Reynolda House, Museum of American Art, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.

cole_Home_in_the_Woods

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Home in the Woods. Detail. 1847. Oil on canvas, 44 x 66". Reynolda House, Museum of American Art, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.

cole_Home_in_the_Woods

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Home in the Woods. Detail. 1847. Oil on canvas, 44 x 66". Reynolda House, Museum of American Art, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.

cole_Arch_of_Nero

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Arch of Nero. 1846. Oil on canvas. 60 x 48". Newark Museum, Newark, NJ, USA.

cole_Study_for_The_Cross_and_the_World:_The_Pilgrim_of_the_Cross_at_the_End_of_His_Journey

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Study for The Cross and the World: The Pilgrim of the Cross at the End of His Journey. c. 1846-48. Oil on canvas. 12" x 18". Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington DC, USA.

cole_The_Pilgrim_of_the_World_at_the_End_of_His_Journey

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Pilgrim of the World at the End of His Journey. c. 1846-48. Oil on canvas. 12 x 18". Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington DC, USA.

cole_Unfinished_Landscape_(The_Cross_at_Sunset)

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Unfinished Landscape (The Cross at Sunset). c. 1847. Oil on canvas. 32 x 48 1/2". Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection, Madrid, Spain.

cole_The_Mountain_Ford

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Mountain Ford. 1846. Oil on canvas. 28 1/4 x 40 1/16. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA.

cole_Genesee_Scenery

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Genesee Scenery. 1847. Oil on canvas. 51 x 39 1/2". Rhode Island School of Design, Museum of Art, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

cole_Gelyna_(View_near_Ticonderoga)

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Gelyna (View near Ticonderoga). 1826-1828. Oil on panel. Fort Ticonderoga Museum, Ticonderoga, NY, USA.

cole_View_in_the_White_Mountains

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. View in the White Mountains. c.1827. Oil on canvas. 69 x 82 cm. Fine Art Museum of San Francisco, CA, USA.

_

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Cole

Cole

N/A

cole_Kaaterskill_Falls

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Kaaterskill Falls. 1826. Oil on canvas. 64 x 91.2 cm. Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT, USA.

_

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Cole

Cole

N/A

cole_Falls_of_Kaaterskill

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Falls of Kaaterskill. Detail. 1826. Oil on canvas. 109 x 92 cm. The Warner Collection of Gulf States Paper Corporation, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA

cole_Landscape

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Landscape. 1825. Oil on canvas. 60 x 80 cm.. The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

cole_Landscape

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Landscape. Detail. 1825. Oil on canvas. 60 x 80 cm.. The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

cole_Sunny_Morning_on_the_Hudson_River

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Sunny Morning on the Hudson River. c. 1827. Oil on panel. 47.5 x 64 cm. The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA.

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Cole

Cole

N/A

cole_The_Clove,_Catskills

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Clove, Catskills. Detail. 1827. Oil on canvas. 63.4 x 91.5 cm. New Britain Museum of American Art, New Britain, CT, USA.

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Cole

Cole

N/A

cole_Landscape_with_Figures:_A_Scene_from_

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Landscape with Figures: A Scene from "The Last of the Mohicans". Detail. 1826. Oil on panel. 66 x 109 cm. Terra Foundation for Americann Art, Chicago, IL, USA.

cole_Landscape_with_Figures:_A_Scene_from_

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Landscape with Figures: A Scene from "The Last of the Mohicans". Detail. 1826. Oil on panel. 66 x 109 cm. Terra Foundation for Americann Art, Chicago, IL, USA.

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Cole

Cole

N/A

cole_Landscape_Scene_from_the_Last_of_the_Mohicans

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Landscape Scene from the Last of the Mohicans. Detail. 1827. Oil on canvas. New York State Historical Association, Cooperstown, NY, USA.

cole_Landscape_Scene_from_the_Last_of_the_Mohicans

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Landscape Scene from the Last of the Mohicans. Detail. 1827. Oil on canvas. New York State Historical Association, Cooperstown, NY, USA.

cole_Landscape_Scene_from_

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Landscape Scene from "The Last of the Mohicans": Cora Kneeling at the Feet of Tamenund. 1827. Oil on canvas. 64.2 x 89 cm.Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT, USA.

cole_Sunrise_in_the_Catskill_Mountains

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Sunrise in the Catskill Mountains. 1826. Oil on canvas. 64.8 x 90 cm. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.

cole_Autumn_Landscape_(Mount_Chocorua)

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Autumn Landscape (Mount Chocorua). c. 1827-28. Oil on canvas. 96.4 x 122 cm. Private collection.

cole_Autumn_Landscape_(Mount_Chocorua)

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Autumn Landscape (Mount Chocorua). Detail. c. 1827-28. Oil on canvas. 96.4 x 122 cm. Private collection.

cole_Landscape_with_Dead_Tree

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Landscape with Dead Tree. 1828. Oil on canvas. 67.2 cm x 82.5 cm. Rhode Island School of Design, Museum of Art, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

cole_Indian_Sacrifice

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Indian Sacrifice. 1827. Oil on canvas. 91.2 x 122 cm. University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA, USA

cole_Indian_Sacrifice

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Indian Sacrifice. Detail. 1827. Oil on canvas. 91.2 x 122 cm. University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

cole_Autumn_in_the_Catskills

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Autumn in the Catskills. 1827. Oil on wood panel. 47.3 x 64.4 cm. Arnot Art Museum, Elmira, NY, USA.

cole_Landscape_Composition:_Saint_John_in_the_Wilderness

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Landscape Composition: Saint John in the Wilderness. 1827. Oil on canvas. 91.5 x 73.3 cm. Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT, USA.

cole_Landscape_Composition:_Saint_John_in_the_Wilderness

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Landscape Composition: Saint John in the Wilderness. Detail. 1827. Oil on canvas. 91.5 x 73.3 cm. Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT, USA

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Cole

Cole

N/A

cole_Expultion_from_the_Garden_of_Eden

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Expultion from the Garden of Eden. Detail. 1827-28. Oil on canvas, 99 x 137 cm. The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA.

cole_Niagara_Falls

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Niagara Falls. 1830. Oil on panel. 48 x 60 cm. The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

cole_Niagara_Falls

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Niagara Falls. Detail. 1830. Oil on panel. 48 x 60 cm. The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

cole_A_Wild_Scene

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. A Wild Scene. 1831-32. Oil on canvas. 128.8 x 193.4 cm. The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD, USA.

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Cole

Cole

N/A

cole_Landscape_Composition:_Italian_Scenery

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Landscape Composition: Italian Scenery. 1831-32. Oil on canvas. 103.4 x 156.2 cm. Memorial Art Gallery of the University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA.

cole_Aqueduct_near_Rome

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Aqueduct near Rome. 1832. Oil on canvas. 113 x 171.2 cm. Kemper Art Museum, Saint Louis, MO, USA.

cole_A_View_near_Tivoli_(Morning)

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. A View near Tivoli (Morning). 1832. Oil on canvas. 37.3 x 58.7 cm. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA.

cole_The_Cascatelli,_Tivoli,_Looking_Towards_Rome

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Cascatelli, Tivoli, Looking Towards Rome. c. 1832. Oil on canvas. 81.8 x 113 cm. Museum of Art, Columbus, OH, USA.

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Cole

Cole

N/A

cole_The_Titan's_Goblet

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Titan's Goblet. Detail. 1833. Oil on canvas. 49.2 x 41 cm. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA.

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Cole

Cole

N/A

cole_The_Course_of_Empire:_The_Arcadian_or_Pastoral _State

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Course of Empire: The Arcadian or Pastoral State. 1836. Oil on canvas. 99.5 x 160.4 cm. New York Historical Society, New York, NY, USA.

cole_The_Course_of_Empire:_The_Arcadian_or_Pastoral _State

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Course of Empire: The Arcadian or Pastoral State. Detail. 1836. Oil on canvas. 99.5 x 160.4 cm. New York Historical Society, New York, NY, USA

cole_The_Course_of_Empire:_The_Consummation_of_Empire

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Course of Empire: The Consummation of Empire. 1836. Oil on canvas. 130 x 192.8 cm. New York Historical Society, New York, NY, USA.

cole_The_Course_of_Empire:_Destruction

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Course of Empire: Destruction. 1836. Oil on canvas. 99.5 x 161.2 cm. New York Historical Society, New York, NY, USA.

cole_The_Course_of_Empire:_Destruction

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Course of Empire: Destruction. Detail. 1836. Oil on canvas. 99.5 x 161.2 cm. New York Historical Society, New York, NY, USA.

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Cole

Cole

N/A

_

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Cole

Cole

N/A

cole_The_Departure

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Departure. 1838. Oil on canvas. 39 1/2" x 63". The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.

cole_The_Departure

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Departure. Detail. 1838. Oil on canvas. 39 1/2" x 63". The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.

cole_The_Return

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Return. 1838. Oil on canvas. 39 3/4" x 63". The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.

cole_The_Return

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Return. Detail. 1838. Oil on canvas. 39 3/4" x 63". The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA

cole_The_Past

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Past. 1838. Oil on canvas. 40" x 61". Mead Art Museum, Amherst College, Amherst, MA, USA.

cole_The_Past

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Past. Detail. 1838. Oil on canvas. 40" x 61". Mead Art Museum, Amherst College, Amherst, MA, USA.

cole_The_Present

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Present. 1838.Oil on canvas. 40 x 61". Mead Art Museum, Amherst College, Amherst, MA, USA.

cole_The_Present

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Present. Detail. 1838.Oil on canvas. 40 x 61". Mead Art Museum, Amherst College, Amherst, MA, USA.

cole_View_of_Florence_from_San_Maniato

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Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. View of Florence from San Maniato. 1837. Oil on canvas. 39 x 63 1/8". The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH, USA.

cole_View_of_Florence_from_San_Maniato

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. View of Florence from San Maniato. Detail. 1837. Oil on canvas. 39 x 63 1/8". The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH, USA.

cole_Dream_of_Arcadia

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Dream of Arcadia. 1838. Oil on canvas. 30 1/4 x 63 1/16". The Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO, USA

cole_Dream_of_Arcadia

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Dream of Arcadia. Detail. 1838. Oil on canvas. 30 1/4 x 63 1/16". The Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO, USA

cole_Dream_of_Arcadia

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Dream of Arcadia. Detail. 1838. Oil on canvas. 30 1/4 x 63 1/16". The Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO, USA

_

Bazille

Cole

Cole

N/A

cole_The_Voyage_of_Life:_Childhood

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Voyage of Life: Childhood. Detail. 1839-40. Oil on canvas. 52 x 78". Munson-Williams Proctor Institute, Utica, NY, USA

cole_The_Voyage_of_Life:_Childhood

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Voyage of Life: Childhood. 1839-40. Oil on canvas. 52 x 78". Munson-Williams Proctor Institute, Utica, NY, USA.

_

Bazille

Cole

Cole

N/A

cole_The_Voyage_of_Life:_Youth

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Voyage of Life: Youth. Detail. 1840. Oil on canvas. 52 1/2 x 78 1/2". Munson-Williams Proctor Institute, Utica, NY, USA.

cole_The_Voyage_of_Life:_Youth

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Voyage of Life: Youth. Detail. 1840. Oil on canvas. 52 1/2 x 78 1/2". Munson-Williams Proctor Institute, Utica, NY, USA.

cole_The_Voyage_of_Life:_Manhood

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Voyage of Life: Manhood. 1840. Oil on canvas, 52 x 78". Munson-Williams Proctor Institute, Utica, NY, USA.

cole_The_Voyage_of_Life:_Manhood

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Voyage of Life: Manhood. Detail. 1840. Oil on canvas, 52 x 78". Munson-Williams Proctor Institute, Utica, NY, USA.

cole_The_Voyage_of_Life:_Manhood

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Voyage of Life: Manhood. Detail. 1840. Oil on canvas, 52 x 78". Munson-Williams Proctor Institute, Utica, NY, USA

cole_The_Voyage_of_Life:_Manhood

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Voyage of Life: Manhood. Detail. 1840. Oil on canvas, 52 x 78". Munson-Williams Proctor Institute, Utica, NY, USA.

_

Bazille

Cole

Cole

N/A

cole_The_Voyage_of_Life:_Old_Age

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Voyage of Life: Old Age. Detail. 1840. Oil on canvas. 51 3/4 x 78 1/4". Munson-Williams Proctor Institute, Utica, NY, USA.

cole_Portage_Falls_on_the_Genesee

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Portage Falls on the Genesee. 1839. Oil on canvas. 84 x 60". Seward House Museum, Auburn, NY, USA.

_

Bazille

Cole

Cole

N/A

cole_Valley_of_the_Vaucluse

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Valley of the Vaucluse. 1841. Oil on canvas. 69 x 49 1/2". The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA.

cole_Self-Portrait

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Self-Portrait. c. 1836. Oil on canvas. 22 x 18". The New York Historical Society, New York, NY, USA.

cole_Mount_Etna

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Mount Etna. 1842. Oil on canvas. 32 x 48". Collection IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY, USA.

cole_Catskill_Mountain_House

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Catskill Mountain House. 1843-44. Oil on canvas. 29 x 36". Private collection.

cole_Evening_in_Arcady

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Evening in Arcady. 1843. Oil on canvas. 32 5/8 x 48 3/8". Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT, USA.

cole_The_Temple_of_Segesta_with_the_Artist_Sketching

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. The Temple of Segesta with the Artist Sketching. c. 1843. Oil on canvas. 19 1/2" x 30". The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA.

cole_Roman_Compagna

Bazille

Cole

Cole

Thomas Cole. Roman Compagna. 1843. Oil on canvas. 32 1/2 x 48". Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT, USA.